The number of leverage providers in secondaries has more than doubled over the last four years, according to the report obtained exclusively by Secondaries Investor.
Drivers include increasing competition and record high dry powder, according to a report by the Swiss bank obtained by Secondaries Investor.
Fewer buyers sought IRRs of above 15% last year compared with a year earlier, a survey by advisory firm Cebile Capital has found.
While more aggressive financing structures such as payment-in-kind notes may be off the table, deals are ongoing, experts say.
The majority of secondaries and fund of funds respondents to a recent survey by Investec said that while they use debt, they don't need it to be competitive.
Using debt to acquire portfolios changes the nature of secondaries investments, according to the head of the firm's fund investments team.
High levels of dry powder and high pricing in the secondaries market is forcing firms to use leverage and chase staple deals to make purchases attractive.
The firm estimates there is about $55bn of dry powder in the secondaries market, up from $49bn a year earlier.
Leveraging a portfolio for liquidity can be similar to refinancing a property, but what effect does this have on the secondaries market?
Secondaries firms are now broadening their view of leverage and considering its use to boost returns through dividend recaps and help minimise currency volatility.